Board assembled

6. January 2011 13:38 by Jens Willy Johannsen
Categories: PCB | Projects

I have received the PCBs and assembled the first one. Everything expect connections to external components, that is.

Here's a picture. It looks pretty much like the rendering. And I know: some of the soldering joints could have been made better but bear in mind that this is my first SMD soldering attempt so I'm actually pretty pleased with the result.

PCB with all SMD components (click for larger version)

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Final layout?

12. December 2010 12:19 by Jens Willy Johannsen
Categories: ATtiny | PCB | Projects

Schematic and layout revised again. I added the 10 µF capacitor (that really ought to be there) and a LED with accompanying resistor for debugging purposes.

Here a print-it-out-and-see-if-it-fits test. And it does fit. Note that all the resistors are the same value (doesn't matter of course since all 1206 resistors are the same size) and that I've placed a 1206 resistor instead of a 1206 LED. Also, the B sized 10 µF capacitor isn't placed on the printout but it shouldn't pose any problems.

Layout, revision 3 printed 1-to-1 with components (click for larger version)

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Soldering SMT components

11. December 2010 15:59 by Jens Willy Johannsen
Categories: PCB

Until now I have only made through-hole circuits.But the Airsoft Rounds Counter project's demand for a small PCB made me decide to use SMT. The components are a lot smaller so you can fit a lot more onto a small board but they are more difficult to solder by hand. (But easier and faster to assemble automatically. And cheaper.)

So I have to practise my SMT soldering. Fortunately there are a couple of great tutorials on the net. I used these:

And it's actually not that hard. I have – so far – had much success with flux-pen-and-solder-on-the-tip-of-the-iron method. A flux pen if your friend – trust me.

Here's an example of my handiwork (the ting at the top is a millimeter scale ruler):

One of the first attempts: a 1206 resistor

The resistor in the image above is a fairly large SMD component: a 1206 sized resistor. The smallest I will be using to begin with are 0805 sized capacitors and SO-20 and -24 ICs. You can see the various SMD sizes here:

Image from SMD sizes (click for larger version)

(Note: SMD means "surface-mount devices" and SMT means "surface-mount technology". I use the terms pretty much interchangeably. Which is wrong. I know.)

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PCB Layout Revised

10. December 2010 21:55 by Jens Willy Johannsen
Categories: PCB | Projects

Oops. The photo interrupter's collector wire wasn't connected to INT0 on the ATTiny. That has been fixed now. Also, the board is now 1 mm wider so there is enough clearing from the segment A wirepad to the edge of the board.

And the VCC and GND traces are now 24 mils and all other traces are 12 mils wide. Refer to the first layout if you can't remember what the various wirepads are for.

SMD layout, revision 2 (click for larger version)

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SMD layout

10. December 2010 0:53 by Jens Willy Johannsen
Categories: PCB | Projects

Here's the first draft of an SMD PCB layout for the Airsoft Rounds Counter project.

The wire pads are as follows:

  • VIN
    9V power input
  • AN, CA
    Anode and cathode the the photo interrupter LED
  • CO, EM
    Collector and emitter for the photo interrupter transistor
  • A-G, DP
    Segment anodes on the display
  • 1-4
    Digit cathodes on the display
    Reset and program tact switch

Actual size is 49.53 x 20.32 mm.

SMD layout

SMD layout (click for larger version)

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